Facing a sustained economic crisis and unfavorable legislative responses, many in Spain’s energy sector are working furiously to adjust expectations and strategies for what could be a very different domestic marketplace.
The country’s new energy reality became a bit clearer at the end of last month as a collapse in local demand and stronger than expected needs from across Europe helped make Spain a net diesel exporter for the first time on record, according to a Reuters report. The shift was also the result of 5 billion euros in refinery upgrades over the last few years, increasing Spanish capacity and helping avoid one facility closure. While this development stems from Spain’s diminished domestic diesel market, reflecting slower growth and demand, it has provided a way for needed revenue from stronger diesel demand elsewhere in Europe.
Meanwhile, larger firms, including Repsol and Gas Natural, have worked to insulate themselves against the diminished Spanish and wider European demand by attempting to expand their footprint in emerging markets in South America and North Africa. Despite these efforts, many have faced further challenges at home thanks in part to exposure to the domestic market and the weight of the country’s sovereign debt challenges. In early October, Standard & Poor’s downgraded energy giant Gas Natural from stable to negative as concerns grew around a possible sovereign bailout appeal by Madrid. On October 19th, Reuters reported a slight reprieve for the energy sector as the government sidestepped a lowering to junk rating on sovereign debt, though considering the government’s current energy debt and status, this development hardly brings them out of the woods.
For the country’s natural gas actors, further adjustments may soon be necessary thanks to a revised national tax program that will apply a 6 percent flat rate on power generation, as well as an additional “green tax” for gas-fire generation. Alongside the government’s recent cuts in energy subsidies, this new tax is part of an effort to ease Spain’s current energy deficit of around 24 billion euros.
Originally Posted in Newsbase’s Euroil Monitor