Recent entries by large cap actors into Morocco’s oil and gas sector over the last three months have signaled a new confidence regarding the country’s largely dormant hydrocarbon potential. With Chevron and Portugal’s Galp taking on controlling stakes in areas previously claimed by only modest, independent operators, Morocco’s push to expand their traditional energy potential appears to be gaining traction. However, with the North African nation’s domestic demand at the heart of this push, it remains unclear whether its weakened downstream potential will be able to meet expected growth.
Despite a virtually non-existent oil and gas sector, Morocco has recently made a subtle push towards appealing to foreign firms in order to explore the country’s offshore and non-traditional options. So far, efforts to broaden the country’s energy potential have included only renewable campaigns, including a 2009, $9 billion solar scheme, and attracting smaller firms to potential oil and gas fields. However, over the last two months, both Chevron and Galp have bought into controlling stakes of offshore projects. For Galp, an early December purchase from Australia’s Tangiers was driven by a 450 million barrel potential reserve, which was revised to an estimated 750 million barrels following further studies.
Making a more sizable statement as one of the world’s largest actors, Chevron inked an offshore deal with Morocco’s Offices National Des Hydrocarbures Et Des Mines to take on seismic studies of the Cap Rhir Deep, Cap Cantin Deep, and Cap Walidia Deep efforts.
However, as the country explores their domestic potential as a way of easing dependence on expensive and increasingly volatile imports, Morocco’s downstream potential does not appear to be keeping pace. As of 2011, the country boasts only a single refinery at Mohammedia following the conversion of their Sidi Kacem facility to a distribution plant. Despite a long-running modernization push as a part of an agreement between Rabat and state operator, Samir, the plant has seen partial slowdowns in output over the last year. These pauses have been the result of scheduled maintenance and expansion plans that have included upgrades to a new crude distillation unit and a jet fuel facility, which can produce 600,000 metric tons a year. This effort is a part of a broader strategy to add 4m tonnes of refined oil per year, according to Reuters.
While these efforts appear to address current domestic demand, it is far less clear whether a single plant will be able to meet an increase in local production should Galp or Chevron gain traction over the coming year or two.
Origionally Posted: Newsbase’s MEA Downstream Monitor